Dhemaji at a glance
Dhemaji District is one of the districts situated in the remote corner of North East India on the north bank of river Brahmaputra. The boundaries of the district are the hilly ranges of Arunachal Pradesh to the North and the East, Lakhimpur district in the West and the river Brahmaputra in the South. The district has a total geographical area of 3237 sq. Kilometers.
The district is divided into 2 sub-divisions viz., Dhemaji and Jonai, comprising of 5 blocks (Dhemaji, Sissiborgaon, Morkongselek, Bordoloni, and Machkhowa) and 1150 revenue villages. The district headquarter is at Dhemaji.
As per 2011 census, the total population of the district is 686133 lakh consisting of 351249 lakh males and 334884 lakh females. The density of population is 176 per sq.km. The rate of literacy is of the order of 66%.
The climate of the district is moderate. The temperature varies between 8oC (min) to 35oC (max). The district receives rainfall on an average at 3000 mm with North East Monsoon contributing a major share.The river Brahmaputra flows from east to west in the southern part of the district. Different tributaries viz, Dihingia, Jiadhal, Moridhal, Telijan, Kaitongjan, Laipulia Nadi, Kapurdhuwa, Sissi, Gai, Tangani and Guttong originating from Arunachal Pradesh in the north, flow southwest carrying an enormous amount of alluvium through the district before meeting the river Brahmaputra. The district is vulnerable to floods and occurrences of floods are a regular feature, which causes a lot of damages. Nearly 27% of the net cropped is flood prone as well as flood affected. The soil of the district is mainly alluvial and sandy. The riverbeds are generally higher than the level of land.
Agriculture is the main occupation of the people engaging about 59% of the working population. Paddy is the major agricultural crop cultivated in 69290 ha (Summer, Autumn and Winter paddy), constituting around 55% of the gross cropped area (2001-2002). Mustard is the major oilseed crop grown in the district. Potato and pulses are other major crops grown in the district. Fruits and vegetables are also cultivated on a moderate scale. Piggery, Dairy and Goat rearing are the major allied agricultural activities carried out in the district.
Apart from Agriculture and allied activities, Sericulture activity especially Muga, Eri, Mulberry rearing is gaining ground. Industrial activity is not prominent in the district and no major industrial units exist in the district. There are around 248 SSI units registered with District Industries and Commerce Centre (DICC).Only 343 out of 1150 revenue villages have been electrified (1997-98). The district is not well connected with the rest of the Assam by road or rail network. The road length under PWD is 475 km (surfaced and subsurface), while 128 km and 7 km are under National Highway and State Highways respectively. Less than one-third of the roads are blacktopped in the district.