Dhemaji District is one of the districts situated in the remote corner of
North East India on the north bank of river Brahmaputra. The boundaries of the
district are the hilly ranges of Arunachal Pradesh to the North and the East,
Lakhimpur district in the West and the river Brahmaputra in the South. The
district has a total geographical area of 3237
The district is divided into 2 sub-divisions viz.,Dhemaji and Jonai,
comprising of 5 blocks (Dhemaji, Sissiborgaon, Morkongselek, Bordoloni and
Machkhowa) and 1150 revenue villages. The district headquarter is at Dhemaji.
As per 2001 census, the total population of the district is 5.71 lakh
consisting of 2.95 lakh males and 2.76 females. The density of population is 176
per sq.km. The rate of literacy is of the order of 66%.
The climate of the district is moderate. The temperature varies between
8oC (min) to 35oC (max). The district receives rainfall on an average at 3000 mm
with North East Monsoon contributing a major share.
The river Brahmaputra flows from east to west in the southern part of the
district. Different tributaries viz, Dihingia, Jiadhal, Moridhal, Telijan,
Kaitongjan, Laipulia Nadi, Kapurdhuwa, Sissi,
Gai, Tangani and Guttong originating from Arunachal Pradesh in the north,
flow southwest carrying enormous amount of alluvium through the district before
meeting the river Brahmaputra. The district is vulnerable to floods and
occurrences of floods are a regular feature, which causes a lots of damages.
Nearly 27% of the net cropped is flood prone as well as flood affected. The soil
of the district is mainly alluvial and sandy. The riverbeds are generally higher
than the level of land.
Agriculture is the main occupation of the people engaging about 59% of
the working population. Paddy is the major agricultural crop cultivated in 69290
ha (Summer, Autumn and Winter paddy), constituting around 55% of the gross
cropped area (2001-2002). Mustard is the major oil seed crop grown in the
district. Potato and pulses are other major crops grown in the district. Fruits
and vegetables are also cultivated on a moderate scale. Piggery, Dairy and Goat
rearing are the major allied agricultural activities carried out in the
Apart from Agriculture and allied activities, Sericulture activity
especially muga rearing is gaining ground. Industrial activity is not prominent
in the district and no major industrial units exist in the district. There are
around 248 SSI units registered with District Industries and Commerce Centre (DICC).
Only 343 out of 1150 revenue villages have been electrified (1997-98).
The district is not well connected with the rest of the Assam by road or rail
network. The road length under PWD is 475 km (surfaced and subsurface), while
128 km and 7 km are under National Highway and State Highways respectively. Less
than one third of the roads are black topped in the district.